An auction is defined as a public sale in which property or items of merchandise are sold to the highest bidder. Auctions are interesting because you never know how they end up. A car may be "worth" $50,000 in the Blue Book or Black Book guides, but the bidders at that auction may only bid up to $45,000. On the other hand, and unusual car in good shape and in a good market, with good auction bidders may end up selling for more.
But there are 5 main categories of auctions that we'll cover here, as these apply to the most amount of people. These are:
Some of the better auctions indicate vehicle mileage on the windshields, so you can rapidly scan a row of cars for those that meet your mileage requirements without having to look inside to check the odometer.
At auctions, because you don't have time to take the car to a mechanic to review the mechanical condition of the car. To make sure the car isn't stolen or has liens against it, you should do a quick title and lien check on the car, using CarFax, before bidding on a vehicle. You can usually do this before the auction, when the auction notice is sent out with descriptions of the cars (and their VIN #s).
Some bidders at car auctions use an Elcometer digital coating thickness gauge (about $600-700) to measure the thickness of the paint to the metal. While factory paint jobs are usually 4.5 mils thick, any bodywork or additional paint jobs will be indicated with a higher number. As each cars move up the auction lane to be bid on, you'll notice that some bidders will touch their Elcometer to major panels, doors, hood, and trunk of the car, looking for indications of body work. Smart bidders have done this before the auction begins.
Don't get caught up in the frenzy of a bidding war and end up spending too much for a car. You are better off walking away, no matter how much you want the car, rather than overpaying for it.
At a car auction, there it typically a "buyer's premium" on top of your winning bid at the auto auction, which can be 5% or 10% of the bid value. This can add a few hundred dollars to the price you must pay. Bid carefully that this doesn't budge a price above the market value. Many auctions may require a bank draft instead, so be prepared ahead of time.
Take a Kelley Blue Book, NADA guide, or Edmunds book with you to a public auto auction. If you're going to a wholesale auto auction, bring a Black Book with you. If you have your PocketPC or Blackberry, you can surf to the car pricing web sites from the auction.
Watch the auction price. If you cannot get a car for less than Blue Book, you are better off going to a local dealer. If you are the wining bidder at eBay Motors, you are contractually obligated to buy that vehicle. You might want to use eBay's escrow service, where a trust account is setup and the seller is not paid until you receive the car. The buyer and seller can also agree on an inspection period so that you can have a certified mechanic inspect the car and determine if there is any unsatisfactory damages, or needed repairs that were not disclosed by the seller.
Some issues unique to online auctions:
These car auctions are for licensed car dealers only, and the general public is not allowed to attend. The cars at these auto auctions fall into these categories:
If you wish to sell a vehicle, the auto auction house might charge you a $250 sellers fee (depending on the auction house) or they might charge a percent of the sale. If your car does not sell, they typically charge you the fee anyway.
Never try to auction your car at a wholesale auto auction, unless you need to dump it fast. You are generally better off to sell it on the open market, because auction prices are "wholesale," near the trade-in value.